Digital Marketing Overview: History and Strategies Explained

What is Digital Marketing

Digital marketing is promoting or advertising products, services, or brands through digital platforms like Search Engines (Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc.), social media (Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, etc.), Email, and Mobile Apps. In other words, any form of online marketing connected via the world wide web(Internet) is considered digital marketing. This article will try to understand the online digital marketing process and strategy.

Why is Online Digital Marketing Required?

In the current era, everyone is connected to the Internet through different-different digital channels. According to Zipia, 4.9 billion people use the Internet around the world. It is 62% of the global population.

Furthermore, consumer behavior has shifted towards seeking convenience and readily available information. Digital marketing allows businesses to meet customers where they are by delivering relevant messaging and offerings directly to their online channels.

History of Digital Marketing

While the concept of marketing has existed for centuries, digital marketing emerged in the late 1980s with the rise of the internet. The first clickable ads appeared in 1994, marking a significant turning point. In the 2000s, internet usage surged, leading to a boom in online marketing strategies like search engine optimization (SEO) and email marketing.

Digital Marketing Pillars

There are mainly two pillars of digital marketing online and offline marketing. Here we will discuss online digital marketing tactics or strategies.

Online Digital Marketing

  • Search Engine Optimization: This strategy focuses on improving website visibility and ranking in search engine results pages (SERPs) for relevant keywords. This helps users discover your brand organically, leading to increased website traffic and qualified leads.
  • Social Media Marketing: Engaging with your audience on social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter allows you to build brand awareness, foster relationships, and drive conversions. Social media provides valuable insights into customer preferences and trends.
  • Email Marketing: Building an email list allows you to nurture relationships with potential and existing customers through targeted email campaigns. Email marketing offers excellent reach, engagement, and conversion rates.
  • Paid Advertising: Platforms like Google Ads and social media advertising allow you to reach a wider audience through targeted ads. Paid advertising can be highly effective for driving specific actions like website visits, lead generation, and sales.
  • Affiliates Marketing: This type of marketing works as a commission base. If you generate a lead or sell a product or business at your digital channel or website, you can get the commission as an incentive.

Offline Digital Marketing

  • Marketing on TV Channels: This is the most popular digital marketing strategy in the current era, but the cost of this type of advertising is very high. Through this marketing, you connect with your customer through Television.
  • Digital LED on Highways or Streets: This strategy is mainly used on Railway stations, Airports, Highways, and streets. Here you see the advertisement on the LED screen.
  • Radio Marketing: This marketing has been an intelligent move in recent years. People spend an average of 90 minutes daily listening to the radio because they don't have time to watch TV or on the Internet.
  • Phone Call & Message Marketing: This is an intelligent marketing move; if you have a database of customer phone numbers, you can reach them easily.

Emerging Trends in Digital Marketing

While the core principles of digital marketing remain essential, the landscape is constantly evolving. Here are some key trends shaping the future:

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI is transforming digital marketing, from automating repetitive tasks like content creation and ad targeting to personalizing user experiences. Expect to see more AI-powered tools and platforms emerge, requiring marketers to adapt and embrace the power of data-driven insights.
  • Voice Search Optimization: With the rise of voice assistants like Siri and Alexa, optimizing your website and content for voice search is crucial. Focus on natural language keywords and long-tail phrases to ensure your brand is easily discoverable through voice queries.
  • Video Marketing Boom: The popularity of video content continues to soar, with platforms like TikTok and YouTube offering engaging and interactive formats. Experiment with different video styles, from short-form explainer videos to live streams and immersive 360-degree experiences, to capture attention and connect with your audience.
  • Social Commerce Integration: Social media platforms are increasingly becoming marketplaces themselves. Tools like "Shop Now" buttons and in-app purchases allow for seamless transitions from discovery to purchase within the social media ecosystem. Leverage these features to create a frictionless shopping experience for your customers.
  • Privacy-First Marketing: With growing concerns about data privacy, marketers need to prioritize transparency and user consent. Focus on building trust by clearly communicating data practices and offering users control over their information. Embrace privacy-preserving technologies and ethical marketing strategies.
  • Metaverse Marketing: While still in its early stages, the metaverse offers exciting possibilities for brands to engage with customers in immersive virtual environments. Explore creating virtual experiences, interactive games, or AR/VR filters to connect with your audience in new and innovative ways.

Additional Considerations for Success:

  • Marketing Automation: Tools and platforms can automate repetitive tasks and personalize marketing campaigns for increased efficiency and effectiveness.
  • Data Analytics: Tracking and analyzing marketing data provides valuable insights into campaign performance, allowing you to optimize strategies and maximize ROI.
  • Mobile Marketing: Optimizing your website and marketing efforts for mobile users is crucial, considering the increasing use of mobile devices.
Shishir Goel

Shishir Goel

I am working as a Digital Marketing Manager at Digital Appear. I love Affiliate marketing and contribute my technical and digital promotion expertise.